Puppy aggression is inherent in all dogs. This is one of the survival models of predators in nature. It can be different in its point of application and mechanism of occurrence. So, the goal of interspecies aggression is to get food, i.e. hunting or the preservation of life and offspring from more formidable predators. A special form of interspecies aggression is predatory. Aggression in a dog can also be intraspecific, for example, to establish leadership and defend its interests. Let’s say a puppy will not have her buds from a very early age. Then it is unlikely that he would have survived in the wild, his chances of this are lower. Until this aggression appears in the process of life experience. Puppy aggression could be hierarchical, territorial, parental, food, play, sexual, defensive, predatory.
For example, if a puppy does not have its germs from a very early age, then it is unlikely that he would have survived in the wild, his chances of this are lower. Until this aggression appears in the process of life experience. In dogs, it is hierarchical, territorial, parental, food, play, sexual, defensive, predatory. On the basis of any of them, instrumental aggression can be developed.
Dogs are gregarious animals, and in any pack there is a leader, to whom all other members of the pack obey. He is always the first to eat, he has the best and warmest place. The leader resolves conflicts between the members of the flock, protects the weak and has his own rights to females in the flock, leads him on the hunt, and the whole flock obeys him. In cases of disobedience, he has the right to punish. This behavior is typical for an individual of any breed with pronounced leadership qualities. Proprietary aggression often precedes the development of hierarchical aggression. The dog begins to protect from other dogs, family members, and then from the owner of toys or things.
In nature, each flock has its own territory. Therefore, the appropriate behavior was formed to protect the territory. Dogs mark it to mark boundaries and chase strangers away. Dogs leaving their territory become less aggressive and self-confident. On its own territory, on the contrary, the dog shows aggression towards strangers, but as soon as it goes beyond its territory, it disappears. A striking example is the so-called «territorial», guard dog breeds (many mastiffs). They best protect the territory, object, dwelling.
This is an aggression of self-defense, which is the most important natural model of survival, both interspecies and within its own species. It can be passively defensive, when the dog holds its tail, tries to run away and hide. And active-defensive, when the dog repels the threat by attack. This or that behavior is most often hereditary, although it can change during life for various reasons, this type of aggression can also be inherent in a dog of any breed.
Such aggression in a dog occurs during puberty. It manifests itself in the relationship of males with males and between females, for the right to have a sexual partner. Throughout a dog’s life, it can change or manifest itself in rare cases when certain situations are created or the influence of some factors. For example, conflicts when meeting on walks, as well as the unequal attention of the owner when living together.
This is aggression that manifests itself in hunting or prey videos.
Unfortunately, this kind of aggression can spread to young children as well. Sometimes this is the aggression of murder — it is rare in individuals with a disturbed psyche and it can be directed as at individuals of its own kind — any other dogs or even humans. Moreover, such an aggressor will not be satisfied with the usual victory and receiving signs of submission. Dogs with signs of predatory aggression should not be allowed to breed — this is an unconditional and absolute marriage for any breed.
It occurs in puppies during the game, when they learn to attack, defend, hunt, then they also develop aggression. At the same time, the puppy learns to measure his efforts in relation to his play partners. Whether it’s the owner, another family member, a peer puppy or an older dog. During such games, hierarchical relationships are also established, including with children, if there are any in the family.
Such aggression in a dog is also called instrumental. It arises against the background of some of the hereditary aggression to achieve any goals. The mechanism of its development is artificial, that is, it is the result of the influence of any factors. For example: the development of aggression in service dogs or the involuntary transfer of leadership in the family of residence through inept education and even when training fighting breeds. You can deliberately increase the dog’s aggression but sometimes it happens unintentionally. Especially, with excessive permissiveness and insufficiently strict education.